SOC 2700 Lecture Notes - Determinism, Abortion Law, Anomie
This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
January 29th, 2013
Functionalist & Strain Theories
WHAT IS CRIME?
Violation of social contract
Pathology, inferiority, or
WHAT IS THE NATURE OF
HOW SHOULD WE
Swift, certain, proportionate
Structural Functionalism – early school of thought, based on metaphor that society is a
living organism, based on different parts. Individual parts are inter-dependent, and work
together. The healthier all the individual parts are, the better the society will be – the
better individual members of society will be.
Macro sociologists perspective
- Not saying the existing structure works for everyone, but it works as a whole
- How do social systems operate successfully?
- How is order maintained in society?
Consensus-based approach - basis of social order is found in the shared values of a
community – agreement about what is right/wrong
- Crime is normal
It has existed in every society – it has to be serving some kind of purpose. Society
must need crime. “If it was truly pathological, it would not continue to exist in society.”
It serves as a moral guide, defining the boundaries of social rules
It creates social consensus & builds solidarity
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version