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Lecture

SOC 2700 Lecture Notes - Determinism, Abortion Law, Anomie


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2700
Professor
C Yule

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January 29th, 2013
Functionalist & Strain Theories
Distinctions:
CLASSICAL
POSITIVIST
WHAT IS CRIME?
Violation of social contract
Pathology, inferiority, or
sickness
WHAT IS THE NATURE OF
OFFENDERS?
Free will
Determinism
HOW SHOULD WE
CONTROL CRIMINALS?
Swift, certain, proportionate
punishment
Treatment, separation,
elimination, rehabilitation
Structural Functionalism early school of thought, based on metaphor that society is a
living organism, based on different parts. Individual parts are inter-dependent, and work
together. The healthier all the individual parts are, the better the society will be the
better individual members of society will be.
Macro sociologists perspective
- Not saying the existing structure works for everyone, but it works as a whole
Questions:
- How do social systems operate successfully?
- How is order maintained in society?
Consensus-based approach - basis of social order is found in the shared values of a
community agreement about what is right/wrong
Emile Durkheim
- Crime is normal
It has existed in every society it has to be serving some kind of purpose. Society
must need crime. “If it was truly pathological, it would not continue to exist in society.”
It serves as a moral guide, defining the boundaries of social rules
It creates social consensus & builds solidarity
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