SOC 2700 Lecture Notes - Social Cost, Burglary, Cesare Beccaria

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Idea of classical theory: free will, rational choice. Trying to make sense of the world we live in. Motivation and choice in crime: classical though: early influence. Greatest good for the greatest number (laws, legislation, police) Important for talking about the influence of classical thought: core ideas. Punishment should be proportional : time fits the crime. Deterrence: people are able to evaluate various types of behavior and the outcomes of laws themselves. Purpose of law is punishment becomes a function. People shouldn"t be subjected to cruel unusual punishment. Torture and severe punishment should be abandoned: deterrence theory. Draws on classical idea (beccaria and bentham) General: symbolic nature, sends symbolic message to public don"t do crime, don"t think about doing crime . See others being punished and realize we don"t wanna do jail time. Specific: offenders feel the punishment and will be less likely to reoffend. Three dimensions of punishment: severity, certainty, and swiftness (or celerity)

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