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Control Theory.docx

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SOC 2700
Scott Brandon

Control Theory 1) Other names  Self-control or social control why people don’t commit crime, opposing theory asking why people commit crime, rather why don’t they?  Umbrella for a number of theories 2) Assume importance of socialization  Learning values and norms assumption of socialization, variety ways of learning certain things.. right and wrong don’t commit crime because of the things you can lose: freedom, family bonds, becoming stigmatized  Ties to symbolic interaction  heavy emphasis on things such as meanings of peoples morality and behaviors 3) Central question: why don’t people commit crime?  If socializing is impaired=crime parents don’t pay attention to children’s fouls opportunities to violate norms when living in bad areas  But: controlling factors restrain most people from committing crime control theorists: assumption there must be controlling factors leading people away from crime crime prevention strategies: something working in society telling people not to commit crime  positive types of things you can do in your life: education, wealth, church why don’t people break the law: we all could commit crime, it’s all in human nature. There has to be something in the individual that holds them back when temptation is there.. we’re natural hedonistic an pleasure seeking: common agreement as to what constitutes to proper behavior in individuals certain types of internal mechanisms that are there that pull us back, universal component of laws 4) Social ties to society prevent crime  Inner and outer controls family, peer relationships responses can pull us away from temptations social ties to society keeps people from creating crime inner: controls of behavior somehow internalized through socialization Outer: regulated behavior external to the person (courts, peers, parents, school systems.. various agents of social control)  Controls can be either informal (social) or formal (agents) informal: attachment to parents, peers, community school success formal controls: placed on peoples without their choice: legal system—length of detterance  Inner controls are more important because inner controls are important because they keep us doing the right things fear of getting caught, going to jail ect.. but what happens when people aren’t around personal values: dishonesty arises feelings of guilt and shame weak controls, inadequate socialization create crime 5) Walter Reckless: Containment Theory  Social forces which push and pill peoples toward crime  poverty, race, media, delinquent subculture, peer influences  Ability to resist crime: called “containments” strong self-concept containments insulate people from becoming criminals  Inner and outer containments Inner: strong self-image: counteracts hostility and low self esteem Outer: various things that are external to the person (parental rules, peer conduct) crime becomes function of inner and outer containments, they serve to prevent crime. Predispose is quite strong, bad neighbourhood is no excuse to become criminal positive self-image is one of the major obstacles to overcome f you don’t want to become criminal control theorist emphasize conformity 6
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