SOC 2700 Lecture Notes - Ernest Burgess, Social Disorganization Theory, Labeling Theory

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23 Nov 2011
November 1st 2010 Lecture
Social Disorganization Theory
1. Early influences of the Chicago School of Sociology
-importance of rapid social change
-associated problems with change
2. Ernest Burgess: Concentric zone theory
-factory zone (the loop)
-zone in transition
-workingman's homes zone
-residential zone
-commuter zone
3. Burgess identifies zone in transition as a problem area:
-social problems weaken community
-city growth is linked to social disorganization
4. Shaw and Mckay: Connect delinquency with zone in transition
-ecological factors: weakens community ties
-leads to social disorganization
-delinquency becomes entrenched: cultural transmission occurs
5. Assumptions about social disorganization
-cime and rapid social change
-rapid immigration
-can cause neg. impacts on how ppl live
-factors in social change
6. Shaw and McKays data shows:
-links between disorganization and crime
-class and delinquency linkages
-neighbourhoods and crime
-residential area (zone) in linked to crime
Labelling Theory
1. Define
-think of things that were accepted as good behaviour years ago but are deviant today
-drinking and driving
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