Goals: explain and predict theories of crime aim to do both. What kind of child becomes a serial killer, rapist etc. , biological reasons. Creation and evaluation of theory theories either explain crime or attempt to predict. Eg. stereotypes of criminals race, lower socio-economic status, mentally-ill, single parent household, less educated. Stereotype of victims white, middle-class woman, children. Helps to explain why crime occurs ex. Why do robberies occur, why do some people chase after robbers when others don"t do anything. Crime prevention may also be a result. Example: conflict theory power relations, laws are made to serve the rich/powerful.