Elijah anderson"s article code of the streets categorizes families as oppositional culture. When in doubt choose positivist: classical theory focus on the legal statutes, governmental structures and the rights of humans, process theory explain how people become criminal or delinquent, structural focus on society"s organization and the effect on behaviour. Some favour crime and some favour being law abiding. Cohen"s subculture theory (p 95: positivist/classical in that it focuses on explaining certain behaviours. Professor steph howells: micro/bridging/macro in that the chicago school influences (macro) but explains strain and individual behaviours (micro, conflict/consensus is that we all strive to have middle class values. Labelling theories has roots in symbolic interactionism. Symbolic interactionism society it given life and meaning through interactions of individuals: Key is shared meaning: it is a micro-level analysis it looks at small groups of individuals and their interactions with others, interpretations of social situations and behavioural negotiations with others, not just: stimulus response but is stimulus interpretation response.