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University of Guelph
SOC 2700
Norman Dubeski

Question 1 Human Nature  Thomas Hobbes: Humans are born badly, and the only way to keep them from doing bad is to have rules and a social contract.  Cesare Lombroso: humans are born criminals – we have original sin “Origional Sin” Example 1. Park hurt Prison, Britain, C-Wing  Patrick ( inmate) says that both is parents served time, and that it is just naturally in him to be in jail, its in his heritance.  Danny – robbed and murdered people, through personal things they said- Dr. asks if he thinks its in his blood ? – he replies, well my father has always been a violent person, I knew that I have in my personality that would kill- he wanted to know how it felt to have the power over another human being – as he got older it was stuck more and more. I thought that im born evil – he just gets pleasure in hurting people for no reason Environment  Andre Guerry and Adolphe Quetlelet argue that crime happens from those who are brought up in low economy families who want more  John Locke and Tabula Rosa – People are born with a blank slate – their experiences are what shape them  Karl Marx- the conflict struggle between social classes. – depends on where you grow up  Strain theory: people are unable to support themselves and have to resort to other means “Origional Sin” Example  John McVicar was a criminal and from his perspective, he chose to be one – the circumstances he found himself in made him commit crime – he grew up in a sub culture – in crime for most od his teens.  It became an issue when his son was following the same path - he says that yes he has the same genes as his father but hes also growing up in the same area, having to deal with the same circumstances o Could there ever be a gene for behavior used as an excuses?  NO, unless this gene so determined behavior that it over road free will. Question 2 Biological Theories of Crime Physical Appearance  The earliest biological theories in criminology emphasized physical appearance as the distinguishing mark of a criminal  This even dates back to the ancient Greek times with Socrates, and travels several years later  Johan Lavater and Physiognomy – the relationship between facial features and human conduct  Joseph Gall and Phrenology- the relationship between the exterior brain and the different inner parts of the brain.  Gustave Le Bon and Craniology- the relationship between the skull size and shape in relation to being a criminal.  William Sheldon – The study of different body types. o People start off as embryos, and as we grow we develop into one of three body types.  Ceasare Lombroso and the “ Born Criminal” o Expanded on these thoughts to the whole body in one o Relied on Darwin’s theory of Evolution being that some people are biological throwbacks to an earlier evolutionary stage. o Lombroso called these people Atavistic criminals – criminals that are less evolved then other people Heredity Family Studies  Children tend to resemble their parents in appearance, mannerisms, and disposition.  Goring did several studies and found that there was a high correlation between the length of imprisonment of parents and their children
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