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Mar. 7-9 (Film).docx

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SOC 2700
Scott Brandon

th Mar. 7 - Neutralization: Other Points o Used prior to a deviant act o Resemblance to mitigating circumstances under the law  Ex: self defense  someone running at you and your life is in danger o Importance of subterranean values  Cultural components where physical violence is allowed  Ex: paying to watch boxing, hockey, UFC, etc. o Criticisms of neutralization theory:  How to look at rationale of people?  Ex: asking adult offenders why they committed crimes Social Disorganization Theory - Early influences of the Chicago School of Sociology o Importance of rapid social change o Associated problems with change - Ernest Burgess: Concentric Zone Theory o Factory zone (the loop)  Businesses, etc. (usually downtown core) o Zone in transition o Workingman’s homes zone o Residential zone o Commuter zone - Zone in transition as a problem area o Lack of common beliefs/norms  Different religions, backgrounds, etc. o Transient population  People constantly moving in and moving out o Little incentive for sense of “community”  Neighbours constantly changing  no reliance o Disorganization: breaks down norms - Shaw and McKay: Connect delinquency with zone in transition o Delinquency is tied to population density o Delinquency becomes entrenched: cultural transmission occurs Labelling Theory - How is labeling theory unique? o Connection with process  No one is deviant until labelled that way by society  Ex: smoking was acceptable everywhere before, now there are major restrictions o Subjectivity o Constructed meanings o Natural history of crime o Societal reaction to deviance  M.A.D.D.  R.I.D.E. program created - Key influences of labelling theory o Symbolic interaction  Reaction to action o Looking glass self  Social reflection of self  labels o Identity is socially conferred  Criminal vs. non-criminal is part of identity in society o Why labelling and symbolic interaction?  Social media and etc. re-enforce these ideas Mar. 9 th Film: "After Stonewall" --> Focus on Deviance and Labelling Theory o Stonewall: riots, books, etc.  Movement to legalize and support GLBT -- Gay liberation  Before Stonewall, homosexuality was illegal and punishable  Fight for gay rights  Meetings were unstructured and extremely chaotic o Claimed homosexuality was a mental illness - 1974 Homosexuality is no longer considered an illness o Women's movement changed everything for lesbian women  They were no longer considered monsters, they no longer felt alone, they felt they could protect others in the same situation o Men, even
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