SOC 2760 Lecture 2: Obedience and conformity across culture

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13 Feb 2017
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Obedience and conformity across
culture
Jan 26th
Asch study across cultures
Versions of asches studies has been conducted world wide
Individualistic vs collectivistic countries
Indiv has low conformity
1. Conformity is higher in collectivistic society vs individualistic
2. Conformity is higher amongst members of community compared to
students
3. Conformity is higher when ppl have interdependent value ex. When
ppls work and life depends on each other they tend to conform
Conformity across cultures
Hunting and gathering soc and upper (managers) social segments of
industrial soc are low in conformity
Agricultural soc and lower (workers) social segments of industrial soc are
high in conformity
Japanese aren’t highest in conformity but ppl who are interdependent
from the west and not students
Berry’s study
Berry correlated the degree of independence w the samples position on
an eco-cultural dimension
He found a correlation of .70 b/w Eco-cultural dimension of self reliance
and independence or non-conformity
Definition of obedience
Obedience is conformity in response to the commands of an authority
figure
Obedience to the authority
Milgrams experiments
Majority of participants continued to shock
Jerry burger: women and men both shocked at rate (65%) they stopped
at 150 whereas milgram stopped at 450 bc milgrams found that when
shocked at 150 ppl still continued even tho it’s a high shock
Conclusion:
Proximity to victim matters (the closeness of learner to teacher)
Credibility of study
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