1. Purpose of Criminal Law 9. What is Crime?
- Deals w social control (formal and informal) - Does crime cause miser and suffering?
- Formal - Does it have a direct victim?
o Rules of conduct - Are social outcasts easily targeted?
- Surveys show: young, poor, urban males are
2. What is Punishment? most often feared
- Goal of retribution - No mention of white collar criminals
- Goal of incapacitation
10. Why the poor?
o Take away from society, or conditions w
punishments if disobey - Threaten capitalism
- Goal of deterrence - CJS weeds out the wealthy
o Penalties - Who “looks” like a criminal?
3. Criminal Law as Ideological Control
11. Poor Bashing
- Criminal law adds to the hegemony of the ruling
class - Govt agencies use phrases and words to define
o Dominant groups power low classes the poor
- The way things “ought to be” - Dependency, chronic users, fraud/abuse, traps
- The public is convinced that politicians/elites of poverty, job research
acts in our best interests
- Ex: earliest laws dealt w the poor 12. Case One: Welfare Fraud
4. Instrumental Marxism - Includes ODSP and Ontario Works
- Not defined same as the CCC
- Law is a tool of the ruling class - Phrase is used to deny benefits
- Are there biases in the CJS? - Some cases referred to police
- How does the law control marginalized ppl?
13. Solutions: Ontario Reforms
5. Criticisms of the OVL
- Social Assistance Reform Act (SARA)