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SOC 3710 (183)

Homeless Youth.docx

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SOC 3710
Bill O' Grady

Feb 12 Homeless Youth Homeless youth used in the same breathe as street engaged youth oYoung people who have left their home of origin they are not living with their parents or any other caregiver they are usually staying in 3 different living arrangements oAbsolutely homes staying outdoors sleeping in parks squats abandoned buildings Considered rough sleepers oSheltersprovide food and clothing serve youth from 1624 if the child is 15 years or younger they have to be referred to children aid services oCouch surfingKids staying with friends or relatives runaways A very heterogeneous populationtheir predicaments vary in terms of age genderDefining or measuring homeless youth is impossibleHow do you measure kids who are couch surfing much data is based on those in shelters In any given night there is roughly 2000 youth who are homeless kids who are visibly homeless Early Research Began in the US in the 1980s Street kids were originally called runaways oReasons rebellious kids kids with psychological problems oA lot of them however were throwawaysParents kicked them out Key predictor of homelessnesskids who are physically emotionally and sexually abused kids whose parents are criminalsUnstable home environment not doing well in school bc of the stressful home environment families move around a lot kids who live in poor households their life is inconsistent Homelessness is more of a process than an event oA lot of street kids were missing people until they were considered homeless o2 days is the average time kids go missing These kids are often repeat gomissing childrenThats why it is seen as a process than an event They are more likely to be gay lesbian and transgender and NOT heterosexualKids who are in the foster care or group home system are more likely to become homeless Toronto and other major citiesmost homeless youth are immigrants and visible minorities population composition reflect the nature and extent of homelessness Aboriginal youth are also overrepresentedoAlso the least likely to use shelters or street drop in services Most of the research up until the 1990s was based on who are these kids and why are they there oBut we didnt know the extent of their involvement or why some were involved more than others
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