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Alternatives to incarceration.docx

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University of Guelph
SOC 3710
Bill O' Grady

March 26 2013Alternatives to Incarceration Key question Are these programs alternatives to incarceration oUnder the JDA there were fewer options available to judges young persons were either entered into the system or released from the system Some researchers are arguing whether or not these alternatives are really alternatives or are they actually bringing more young people into the system Cohen oArgued that the more alternatives you introduce into the system the more young people you end up bringing people into the system oThese webs of social controls are really extending into the system oCalled it netwideThe net is getting wider as more alternatives are introduced the mesh is becoming more narrow catching and brining in more people into the system First real alternatives to incarceration was probation oDates back to 100 years Fines started to be used oHowever fines are not used much on young people because they are unable to pay for them Victim restitution Community service Line between formal all the ones mentioned above and informal alternatives 1950s and 1960s in the US oYoung people were seen as treatable oOne idea for kids in underprivileged areas was to get them out of these environments and place them in more safe and humane environments oPrograms such as outward bound program were createdHad there roots in a militaristic way of understanding discipline that came to the US as a result of what happened after WWII the military personnel was trying to better train soldiers emphasis on making soldiers more physical and stronger idea that a strong body and strong mind led to strong discipline this idea of discipline crept into how to deal with atrisk youth By having these kids removed from their environment they were better able to learn survival skills and cooperate with other kidsThe idea was that these kids would return to their environments much stronger and less predisposed to commit crime These kids were seen as lacking discipline and lacking respect for authorities and had to be resocialized 1970s oCrime was increasing in the USoWhat do you do about this increase in crime
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