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Lecture 2

Courts and Society Week 2.docx

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SOC 3730
Michelle Dumas

Courts and Society Week 2 Crime Control Goals Protection- law abiding persons/ community, difference of good and bad people Deterrence-lower amount of crime that occurs as much as possible- through harsher punishments- will deter people from committing crime- assumption Punishment- preference- prison Justice- want as many people through the system as possible- viewed as an assembly line Speed- want cases to be quick and final Fact finding- lower amount of evidence is required, want factual guilt rather than legal guilt Crime control- assumptions Punishment- eliminate possibility of parole- want to punish, not to reintegrate Presumption of guilt- guilty until proven innocent- assumption that police don’t make mistakes Officials- trust in officials, don’t typically make mistakes Errors- assumption no errors occur Legal rights- get in the way of criminal justice, prevents police from doing their jobs Crime Control: Decisions- goal not to challenge decisions- makes it inefficient Crime control- policies Police officers- increase amount to make sure controlling crime Correctional facilities- enough to hold people- may have to build more Sentences-are long so need more places to keep them Death penalty- policy- focus on deterrence- will remove criminality Deterrence-reasons for sentencing- it’s a crime control model Case example r.v. hall- charged with murder of women- stabbed 37 times- tried to cut off her head appealed to not be charged reasonable bail People believed there should be more harshness in the case Due process- goals Protection Prevention Legal rights Wrongful conviction- recognize the mistakes- state need to correct wrongful conviction immediately and improve system so it doesn’t happen again-done by- compensation, le out of prison, have criminal record cleared- slow to correct it Emphasis- Due process- implementation- Treatment- Wrongful conviction- clearing them so people have faith in the system David millgard- 23 years in prison for the murder of a nurse, Supreme Court refused to appeal it- police convinced his friend to say they saw him with blood on his shirt Legal guilt- case of Steven Truscott, don’t claim innocent Policies Limitations- limit discretion- allow in certain way that doesn’t infringe on people’s rights Fairness- make sure all citizens are treated fair and equally Case example Rv. Feeney Going in against permission- he was there at the time- he took to court – not legitimate- arrested without warrant – court ruled against police, making sure rights are upheld Models of Criminal Justice (sung, 2006) Public pressure Liberal democracy Agents of social control Explanation- explained through public and their fear- pressure to have more police, harsher penalties, more convictions USA (1997-2002) Fear of crime is a lot greater even though the amount of crime has lowered Canada- 760 per 1000 in prison Homicide- rate in U.s.- 5.5 Historical Egypt and Babylonia- religiously ruled- ruled by monarchy Compact societies- institutions dissolving disputes OGvernment- appoint or regulate the curts- work together Canada E
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