Class Notes (838,933)
Canada (511,158)
Sociology (2,990)
SOC 3730 (86)
Lecture 2

Courts and Society Week 2.docx

5 Pages
92 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 3730
Professor
Michelle Dumas
Semester
Winter

Description
Courts and Society Week 2 Crime Control Goals Protection- law abiding persons/ community, difference of good and bad people Deterrence-lower amount of crime that occurs as much as possible- through harsher punishments- will deter people from committing crime- assumption Punishment- preference- prison Justice- want as many people through the system as possible- viewed as an assembly line Speed- want cases to be quick and final Fact finding- lower amount of evidence is required, want factual guilt rather than legal guilt Crime control- assumptions Punishment- eliminate possibility of parole- want to punish, not to reintegrate Presumption of guilt- guilty until proven innocent- assumption that police don’t make mistakes Officials- trust in officials, don’t typically make mistakes Errors- assumption no errors occur Legal rights- get in the way of criminal justice, prevents police from doing their jobs Crime Control: Decisions- goal not to challenge decisions- makes it inefficient Crime control- policies Police officers- increase amount to make sure controlling crime Correctional facilities- enough to hold people- may have to build more Sentences-are long so need more places to keep them Death penalty- policy- focus on deterrence- will remove criminality Deterrence-reasons for sentencing- it’s a crime control model Case example r.v. hall- charged with murder of women- stabbed 37 times- tried to cut off her head appealed to not be charged reasonable bail People believed there should be more harshness in the case Due process- goals Protection Prevention Legal rights Wrongful conviction- recognize the mistakes- state need to correct wrongful conviction immediately and improve system so it doesn’t happen again-done by- compensation, le out of prison, have criminal record cleared- slow to correct it Emphasis- Due process- implementation- Treatment- Wrongful conviction- clearing them so people have faith in the system David millgard- 23 years in prison for the murder of a nurse, Supreme Court refused to appeal it- police convinced his friend to say they saw him with blood on his shirt Legal guilt- case of Steven Truscott, don’t claim innocent Policies Limitations- limit discretion- allow in certain way that doesn’t infringe on people’s rights Fairness- make sure all citizens are treated fair and equally Case example Rv. Feeney Going in against permission- he was there at the time- he took to court – not legitimate- arrested without warrant – court ruled against police, making sure rights are upheld Models of Criminal Justice (sung, 2006) Public pressure Liberal democracy Agents of social control Explanation- explained through public and their fear- pressure to have more police, harsher penalties, more convictions USA (1997-2002) Fear of crime is a lot greater even though the amount of crime has lowered Canada- 760 per 1000 in prison Homicide- rate in U.s.- 5.5 Historical Egypt and Babylonia- religiously ruled- ruled by monarchy Compact societies- institutions dissolving disputes OGvernment- appoint or regulate the curts- work together Canada E
More Less

Related notes for SOC 3730

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit