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University of Guelph
SOC 3730
Michelle Dumas

SOC 3730 - March 21, 2013 [ Week 10 Lecture ] Media and Juveniles Semiology (linguistics) - Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) - Semiology o Langue o Parole o Media texts o Relation of sign (referent)  Socially constructed o Dependent on language  Star (could be a celebrity, could be something bright in the sky) Semiotics - signifier - signified - culture and history o what we understand about a word today will be different 50 years from now, 100 years from now. Words we use now may not have even existed 50 years ago. - Denotation o Referring to what’s on surface, set of signs, the language, the signifier - Connotation o Refers to those things that are signified, our mental concept of things, looking at the subjective level, look at the way in which is can be interpreted (Critical) Discourse Analysis - Discourse o Term we use to look at series of communicational processes – the way in which stories are told or things are written about - forms of representation - 1) social life - 2) social structure - Foucault (1926-1984) - Ideology - Symbolic representation - Cultural factors - Media – discourse of fear (crime) - Impact of message - Process and consequences Gender - deconstruct patterns - stereotypes SOC 3730 - March 21, 2013 [ Week 10 Lecture ] o femininity – females being more nurturing, helpful, kind, that they should stay at home – biologically able to give children so that gives them a better disposition (that is the stereotype) – ideal victim o masculinity – protect home, work, provide for family – more aggressive - ideology o bad girls have sex and good girls are virgins (what the hell does this have to do with courts? WHY AM I EVEN HERE.) - court and popular culture o men typically more in charge within crime shows Five Themes in Representation of Race/Ethnicity - (1) under-representation o if you are non-white, it typically implies inferiority – giving white people privilege - (2) stereotypes - (3) as problem - (4) assimilation o historical – how they were excluded in the past - (5) adornments o they are linked to role as the exotic other, especially African American female who are often over-sexualized – they become an exotic adornment - discourse of immigration Transmission – Questions - What message(s) does one derive from popular culture? - What meanings are possible? - Messages produced, transmitted, and/or received - Prosecutors Pre-Trial Publicity - Media provides information about accused or victim before the trial - media frames the offender as if they are already guilty – stories seem as though the person is already guilty - constitutional rights o freedom of press – Canada and US – press has freedom to report on things as they see fit o right to a fair trial – having people not have presumptions about you and the case before it is tried in court - research - reading Media and Crime - types of crime o older people = watch tv SOC 3730 - March 21, 2013 [ Week 10 Lecture ] o younger people = rely on internet o focus on street crime - news o adults and juveniles o location o victims - fiction - reality TV (unscripted) The CSI Effect - theorist who tried to explain how jurists would act according to what they saw on TV - public perceptions and outcomes o unrealistic expectation the public has based on watching CSI o came about from the Robert Blake case (??) o if pros has DNA evidence, prosecutors seem to pick the jury people ba
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