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Lecture 3

WEEK 3 Lec 5 Tues Jan 22 -- Org & Subculture.docx

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SOC 3750
Michelle Dumas

WEEK 3 Lec 5 Tues Jan 22. Organization and Subculture Organizations Formal - Bureaucracy: Weber – closed systems, focused on rationalization and rational authority, goal oriented, key characteristics of bureaucracy in achieving said goal 1. Division of labour: detailed rights and responsibilities, visible 2. Supervision and subordination: specific ppl in charge and they are trained to be in charge, you know where you are in terms of (who supervisor is etc) 3. Unity of command: report to only one superior, prevent subordinates from receiving conflicting orders, don't want ppl going over superiors head (shows lack of respect to authorities) 4. Documentation: records kept for everything the or does, ensures clear communication and decisions are being made and which are being made and can communicate written rules and have written records of what the org does 5. Training: job requirements & skills, to move into a position requires training 6. Rules: written out so everyone is aware of rules of the job 7. Assign Work: Police Organization - Goals: several goals or one overarching goal, depends on what doing at any given time which goal will be given priority o Law enforcement, improve and foster community relations, protection of citizens - Division of responsibilities: hierarchy to them, division of labour, clear authority, clear communication, what’s expected of everyone - Rules and norms: 2 levels o Stated by the govt (crim code) (municipal and provincial by laws) o Governed by policy and procedures of the district - Authority centre: know clearly who is in charge, divisions at the top of the pyramid - Written communication: customary, write everything that see/happens o Functions: supervise those on patrol, permanent record in the event they need to reconstruct their activity - Hierarchical structure “chain of command”: each rank reports to the one above (vertical chain of command) but also is a horizontal chain, cant go over your superiors head o Basic pyramid has 4 elements (most have even more)  Chief: overall leadership, press conferences, extensive experience and training, talk to the media, best to rep org  Communications: calls from the public brought in and relayed to officers, dispatch, public has to have a way to communicate w  Patrol division: officers who respond to calls, available for proactive community policing  Internal review: see law way should be Learning the hierarchy 1 WEEK 3 Lec 5 Tues Jan 22. - Command structure & Discipline - King o Skills: ex. communication skills etc o Rewards: pay or benefits, overtime pay, uniforms, medals or accommodations, selected for assignments – may also be linked to having certain skills o Seniority: based on tenure o Status: ex. being in a specialized unit (SWAT etc), or unique position w/I special unit (ex. sniper), rep for good work etc Institutionalization - How things become institutionalized into an org - Define: agency w certain norms/values and structures are incorporated into them, part of social identity - When proposed movement etc becomes a part of the orgs operation - From force to service (not yet institutionalized) - Cummings & Worley:
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