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Lecture 10

ANTH 1210 Lecture 10: Lecture 10

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ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

OS98 Argued that speciesforms werenot fixed(changed in responseto demandsintheir environment they must adapt) New characteristics acquired through exercise of will power New characteristics passed on to descendants Theory called: inheritance of Acquired Characteristics Famous example: long neck of giraffe, how it become long as trees grew taller it exercise will power and grew a longneck and eventuallygenes passed on with long necks) Theory did not find favour among contemporaries (no proof for mechanism) At odds with accepted religious doctrine George Cuvier (17691832): Paleontology Study of fossils Rock strata Oldest deepest Catastrophism: planet shaken by sudden and violent catastrophes (repeatedly in periodic intervals) Latest example was Great Flood (genesis) With each catastrophe, almost all living things were destroyed (on land and in water) Planet was repopulated with the few survivors (perhaps with help of some newly created species) Process repeated successively for each geological layer Species forms were fixed and unchanging Highly favored theorem: consistent with religious doctrine and empirical evidence Charles Lyell: Father of modern Geology Attack on catastrophism Formulated principles of uniformitarianism Observed that rate of Geological change is slow Nature of change is gradual Proposed: preoceses operating today Operated in past: deposition, erosion, uplift, subsidence Concluded: interpreted the past from observing the present LECTURE 5: Attack on fixity of species: Charles Darwin (18091882)
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