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Lecture 2

ANTH 1210 Lecture 2: Lecture 2

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ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

oS82 First courses late 1880s at University of Toronto and McGill University Early 20 th century Wilfred Laurier (Prime Minister) established an Anthropology division (within Geology Survey now part of Canadian Museum of Civilization) Beginning of professional Anthropology in Canada Functions of Anthropology: Originally: Useful in spread of colonial dominance (British and French Empires) Handmaiden of colonialism Control of indigenous peoples Now: Understand simple and complex societies Fight for the rights of indigenous andor oppressed peoples Greek roots of Anthropology: Anthropos= man Logia=study of Used to call it the study of man, but now we call it the study of humans Definition of Anthropology: Study humanity in widest possible sense All peoples Everywhere in the world Past, present and future To arrive at the fullest possible understanding of human diversity Includes study of out nearest biological relatives (all primates) Anthropology is the most ambitious of Sciences: Discipline: Social Science Goal: search for fundamental and universal patterns of behaviour Culture: Concept of culture is essential to Anthropology A culture: all of the learned behaviours practiced by a particular group of people and passed down to the next generation If something is not taught, then it is not learned Include knowledge and customs about: Ideals
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