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Lecture 22

ANTH 1210 Lecture 22: Lecture 22

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ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

lOMoARcPSD987298 Insectivorous Extremely elongated hind limbs (ankle bone Tarsal bone) Hunt or escape prey by leaping (pounce on prey) Can turn head 180 degrees Anthropoids: 1 2 infraorders (suborder): 1.1 Catarrihini (old world) 1.2 Platyrhini (new world) 2 36 teeth 3 2133 (ICPMM) lose 1 incisor Platyrrhini: New world monkeys South and Central American, some Caribbean Islands Live in tropical rain forests Strictly arboreal Quadrupedal (move on all 4s) Nose broad with flaring nostrils (thick nasal septum, nostrils flare outwards) One Superfamily: Ceboidea Two families: Cabidae and Callitrichidae Family Cebidae: Howlers, Spider Monkeys, Squirrel Monkeys, Capuchins, Owl Monkey, etc All share a prehensile tail in common except Squirrel Monkey Grasping Functions like 5 hand Useful for hanging Less rigid social organization Diet: omnivorous (birds, leaves, fruits, shoots, insects) variation between species Family Callitrichidae: Marmosets and Tamarins (26 different species, 5 genera) Among smallest of all primates Nails on big digits, and claws on other digits Thumb is not opposable Grow to adult size by 1 year very short life span (8 years max.) Twins are more common
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