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Lecture 40

ANTH 1210 Lecture 40: Lecture 40
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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1210
Professor
Haskel J.Greenfield
Semester
Fall

Description
Oc98 Late Miocene: 7 MYA Miocene Apes: Oeopithecus: No tail Quadrupedal locomotion knuckle walking, brachiation Arboreal Pliopithecus: Small Arboreal quadruped Primarily leafeating Hanger semibrachiators Lacked prehensile tail Sivapithecus: Bestknown Late Miocene hominoid Ancestor of orangutan Also known as Ramapithecus Ancestor of Asian Apes Originally thought to be earliest ancestors of humans Teeth adapted to foods in drier and more open habitats (similar to panda and baboon) Thick dental enamel on molars Low cusps of large premolars Molars wearing flat Small canines (low sexual dimorphism) Broad central incisors Mandible: relatively deep Face: zygomatic arches flaring Orthognathous (nonprojecting) Postcranial: lack specializations in semibrachiators and knuckle walkers Locomotion: arboreal quadrupedalism Gigantopithecus Late Miocene to Pleistocene Hominoid Largest primate that ever lived Contemporary with early humans Found in Chine and Vietnam 1935 Diet: vegetarians, grasses and fruits Taphonomy:
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