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Lecture 13

ANTH 1220 Lecture 13: Lecture 13

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University of Manitoba
ANTH 1220
Ellen R.Judd

OS98 Sociolinguistics: study of the impacts of socioeconomic factors, such as gender and class, on language and communication within a society SapirWhorf hypothesis: the assertion that they form and content of language influence speakers behaviours, thought processes, and worldview o False storyidea o Ex: how the Inuit have forty different words for the word snow and shaped how they see the world Dialects: a variety of a language spoken by a particular group of people, based on regional differences of social differences, such as gender, class, race or ethnicity o Ex: Pittsburg language (yinz you ones) o Regional dialect o Social dialects ex: Black English in the US (speak that way because they are apart of a social group in the same part of the US, not because their black) Language Standardization: Standard English: the dialect of English chosen as normative, a reflection of the social, economic and political standing of its speakers o Generic, flat English Codeswitching: changing from one dialect or language to another according to the context in which one is speaking Processes of Language Change: Lingua Franca: language used in particular areas by speakers of many different languages in order to communicate with one another o Ex: speaking English at the UN Pidgins: a simplified language that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups that do not have a language in common o Ex: language in Cannibal Source
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