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Lecture 47

ANTH 1220 Lecture 47: Lecture 47

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University of Manitoba
ANTH 1220
Ellen R.Judd

oS82 Cultural Anthropology CHAPTER 11 Power and Political Systems: Political Organization: The ways in which societies are organized to plan group activities, make decisions affecting members of the group, select leadership, and settle disputes within the group and with other groups Political Anthropology: The study of ways that communities plan group actions, make decisions affecting the group, select leadership, and resolve conflicts and disputes both within the group and with other groups Abstract notions citizenship (sectional citizenship: the way you fit into society and the way one does not) The Search for Laws of Social Organization: Thinkers such as Karl Marx and Lewis Henry Morgan looked for laws through historical change we call this cultural evolutionism Biological determinists look for biological triggers Cultural ecologists look to the natural environment Anthropologists find that in fact, there is no law, that social organization is arbitrary Varieties of Social Organization: Power: o Transformative capacity (Anthony Giddens); the ability to transform a given situation o Political power: visible, hidden, invisible o Political anthropology: the study of social power in human society
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