FMLY 1010 Lecture 3: Lecture 3

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

lOMoARcPSD987298 Continuity Discontinuity in Development Are agerelated changes primarily a matter of amountdegree (continuity), or more commonly involve changes in typekind (discontinuity) Quantitative change = change in amount E.g. 2year old has no individual friends among playmates, 8year old has many Qualitative aspects of friendship are continuous Qualitative change = change in kind or type E.g. from disinterest in peers to interest, or from one kind of peer relationship to another Changes in friends are discontinuous, each change represents a change in quality of a childs relationship with peers Stages = qualitatively distinct periods of development Would not be a useful term if development was made up of only quantitative changes Most human development theorists agree that agerelated changes can be classified using 3 categories: Universal changes, groupspecific changes, individual differences Universal Changes = Common to every individual in a species, linked to specific ages Some universal changes happen because we are subject to a genetically programmed maturing process Some changes are universal due to shared experiences Social clock = a set of age norms that defines a sequence of life experiences that is considered normal in a given culture and that all individuals in that culture are expected to follow o E.g. right time to start school, appropriate timing of marriage, expected time of retirement Ageism = a prejudicial view of older adults that characterizes them in negative ways o Similar to sexism and racism o E.g. many older adults are denied opportunities to work because employers believe that they are less capable than younger adults Group Specific Changes = Shared by all individuals who grow up in a particular group together One of the most important groups is our cultural group (system of meanings, customs, values, attitudes, goals, beliefs, etc. physical artifacts of various kinds) Culture shapes our ideas about what normal development is
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