FMLY 1010 Lecture 26: Lecture 26

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

o88729 o Preterm babies also need the immunological benefits of breast milk Feed preterm babies breast milk that is fortified with proteinsfatsvitaminsminerals Do not breast feed is mother uses drugs Babies only need breast milkformula accompanied by supplements up until 46 months E.g. iron, B12 (if mother is vegetarian) No evidence to support that solid foods help babies sleep through the night Recommended to withhold solid foods until baby is at least 6 months Introduce no more than 1 new food each week Malnutrition Can impair brain nervous system is most rapidly developing body system during first 2 years Macronutrients = large amounts of carbohydrates, fat, and proteins, that are needed for energy and for body and brain building elements o Macronutrient malnutrition is the leading cause of death for children under age 5 Marasmus disease that occurs when child has severe calorie deficit Weigh less than 60 of what they should weigh Many suffer permanent neurological damage Also suffer parasitic infections that lead to chronic diarrhea Cant just treat it by increasing calorie intake Can reverse the disease by treating parasite and using formulaintravenous feedings Kwashiorkor diet contains enough calories but not enough protein Common in countries where infants are weaned too early to lowprotein foods Also seen in chronically ill children Micronutrients = essential vitamins and minerals that are needed in small amounts to regulate physical and mental processes Most nutritional problems in industrialized societies involve micronutrients (except Canada) Canada adds vitamin D to milk, iodine to table salt, and vitamin A to lowfat milk and butter substitutes Health Care and Immunizations Routine immunization should commence at 2 months of age, and continue until adolescence o DTaP, IPV, Hib, PC, MC MMR, Hep B, and V are given around first birthday (see page 109 for full names) Illnesses in the First Two Years Average baby has 7 respiratory illnesses in first year Babies in daycare centres have 2x as many infections compared to those who stay at home Infants with chronic ear infections are more likely to have learning disabilities, attention disorders, and language deficits Temporarily affect hearing, compromise the development of the brain areas essential for
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