FMLY 1010 Lecture 27: Lecture 27

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

OD88729 Low birth weight babies = weigh less than 2.5kg, move more slowly through developmental milestones Preterm catches up in development to peers by age 23 Parental responses also contribute to a preterms development Kangaroo care parents increase the amount of skintoskin contact with their infant, hold newborn for longer periods of time Grow and develop more rapidly than preterm babies given regular care PostTerm Infants Postterm = born after 42 weeks Postterm pregnancies associated with higher risk for maternal medical complications fetalneonatal mortality Postterm delivery rate has decreased in Canada from 4.4 to 0.8 Decrease due to effective use if ultrasound dating and inducing postterm pregnancies Infant Mortality in Canada Infant mortality = death within the first year of life Half of infant deaths in Canada occur in neonate, the rest happen between 4 weeks and 1 year Rate in Canada has declined from 1341000 to 271000, and finally to 51000 nd Tied with UK for 2 highest infant mortality rate, USA is the worst Lowerincome families experience higher rates of infant mortality First Nation and Inuit infant mortality rates are 2 and 4 times higher than the rest of Canadians Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) SIDS = term used to describe the sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant Rate of SIDS has declined in Canada from 121000, to 0.31000 Lower rates in BC, Quebec and Ontario First Nation rates are 3x the national average No underlying cause, but have determined factors to reduce the risk: o Place baby on back to sleep o Dont use quilts, duvets, pillows, soft toys etc. that may cover infants head o Avoid laying baby on soft surfacesloose bedding o Have baby in a crib near parents for first 6 months o Avoid bed sharing Provide a smokefree environment during pregnancy and in the home after birth Sensory Skills Vision Used to believe newborn infants were blind
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