FMLY 1010 Lecture 32: Lecture 32

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

R98729 Attachment Attachment = the emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant, form which the child derives security Does not require biological relationship Depends on quality and quantity of interactions that take place between infant and parents The Parents Attachment to the Infant Contact between mother an infant immediately after birth is not enough to form a stable longterm bond Synchrony = a mutual, interlocking pattern of attachment behaviours shared by a parent and a child o Essential aspect of the formation of a relationship bond Fathers bond with infant also depends more on synchrony than on initial contact Fathers have same attachment behaviours as mothers do (initially) After the first few weeks, mothers and fathers attachment behaviours tend to differ Father more involved in play and physical roughhousing o Mother more involved in caregiving, talking, smiling Infants display distinct responses to these differences by 6 months Babies show gradualsubtle smiles when interacting with mother Babies laugh in shortintense bursts in interactions with father Not a matter of preference of either parent Most infant attachment studies involve North American or European families Culturally biased results Elements of fatherinvolvement differ from culturetoculture, however fatherinvolvement remains important The Infants Attachment to the Parents A babys attachment to parents emerges gradually, and is based on ability to discriminate between parents and other people Infants can recognize mothers voice prior to birth Can recognize mother by sightsmell after a few days Establishing Attachment 4 phases in development of infant attachment (Bowlby) These phases appear in a fixed sequence over the first 2436 months Strongly influenced by genes that are present in all healthy infants 1) Nonfocusedorienting and signaling (birth3 months) Exhibit proximity promoting behaviours = actions that signal their needs draw the attention of others (crying, eye contact, clinging, cuddling) respond to caregiving efforts by being soothed Direct these signals to everyone with whom they come into contact
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