FMLY 1010 Lecture 37: Lecture 37

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University of Manitoba
Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

R98729 Percentage fell from 8464 children living in twoparent homes Also from 316 children in common law families, and 1319 loneparent families TwoParent Lone Parent Families: (228) ~13 of families are twoparentblended (blended = stepfamilies created when a divorced parent marries another single parentnonparent Half of stepfamilies in Canada involve children living with biological mother stepfather 10 consist of biological father and stepmother 40 are blended Loneparent homes are no more alike than 2parent homes 51 of loneparent homes due to divorce, 32 nevermarried, 18 widowed 80 are femaleloneparent Family Structure Effects: Subset of children from loneparent families that are more vulnerable to a range of problems All depends on the childs age at the time Children age 23 do not tend to be linked to any specific problem outcome Age 411, associated with doubled rates of emotional disorders, conduct disorders, hyperactivity, repeating a grade, relationship problems Almost half of the femalelongparents report levels of chronic stress Other Types of Family Structures: (229) Skipgeneration families custodial grandparenting grandparents respond to a childs problem very similarly to how a parent tends to respond o Some research suggests higher levels of behaviour problems in these families, most likely due to a traumatic event that lead children to live with their grandparents o Canadian aboriginal families have the highest rate of skipgeneration families Many aboriginal parents move away for workeducation o Have found no significant difference in children in terms of sexual orientation, sexual identity, selfesteem, or adjustment in children raised by samesex couples o Child development depends more on how parents interact with them DIVORCE (229231) Number of divorces in Canada is steadily declining Half of divorces occur in first 15 years of marriage, of marriages end by the 4 th year Often happens during prime childrearing period Children in postdivorceseparation situations tend to have higher prevalence of problems in most areas except unsocial behaviour Decline in school performance, show more aggressivedefiantnegativedepressed behaviour typically in first 2 years after divorce Also are more likely to engage in criminal activity
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