FMLY 1010 Lecture 50: Lecture 50

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

OP88729 Schoolaged children are more critical of friends and have more conflicts with them o More polite with strangers Children are also more concerned about solving issues with friends than they are with nonfriends Gender SelfSegregation (300301) Elementary aged peer groups tend to be very gender segregated (occurs in all cultures) From as young as age 34 Gender seems more important than age, race, or any other categorical variable in 612 year olds Strength of preference for samesex friends increases across middle childhood Unrelated to sex differences in parenting Boys interact with boys through roughandtumble play Girls interact with each other through selfdisclosure Boys and girls will occasionally interact with a brief interaction (e.g. playing you cant catch me), and then return right back to segregated groups Gender segregation continues and increases during middle childhood Girls and boys friendships differ in quality: Boys friend groups are larger and more accepting of newcomers o Boys play more outdoors o Girls are more likely to paly in pairs or in small, exclusive groups o Girls spend more time playing indoors or near homeschool o Boys friendships are more focused on competition and dominance In boys more competition between pairs of friends than among strangers Opposite pattern for girls Girl friendships include more agreement, compliance, selfdisclosure Collaborativecooperative exchanges are most common forms of communication in boy girl friendships Patterns of Aggression (301302) Physical aggression decreases over preschool years and indirect aggression begins to increase Middle childhood physical aggression becomes even less common Children learn rules about acceptable aggression behaviour Boys at all ages show more physical aggression and assertiveness than girls Boys show approval towards aggressive behaviour in friendships Boys (compared to girls) are: 2x as likely to be mean to others 4x as likely to physically attack others 3x more likely to get in fights 5x more likely to destroy their own things 2x as likely to destroy others things 3x as likely to threaten to hurt others Physical aggression = hurts others physically or poses a threat of such damage More common in boys (may be related to testosterone level)
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