FMLY 1010 Lecture 48: Lecture 48

3 Pages

Family Social Sciences
Course Code
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

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R98729 These traits lead to the development of competence SocialCognitive Perspectives (290): Bandura emotions, stable patterns of responding, along with cognitive factors make up 1 of 3 interactive components that influence socialpersonality development = personal factor o Other 2 factors: behavioural responses, environmental influencespressures Reciprocal determinism = pattern in which personal, behavioural environmental influences interact with one another SELFCONCEPT (291) By the end of middle childhood, self consists of 2 new components: o Psychological self valued self The Psychological Self Psychological self = a persons understanding of hisher enduring psychological characteristics First appears during transition form early to middle childhood Personality Traits: As a child moves through the concrete operational period, her psychological self becomes more complex, more comparative, less tied to external features, and more centered on emotional feelingsideas SelfEfficacy: (291292) Selfefficacy = an individuals belief in her capacity to cause an intended event to occur Peer models play large role in development of selfefficacy Social comparison plays a large role in how children gain insight into their own selfefficacy Encouragement from knowledgeablevalued people also contributes Real life experiences have the greatest impact on selfefficacy The Valued Self (292) The Nature of SelfEsteem: First develop a global selfevaluation once have reached school age (7 years) *selfesteem Selfesteem = a global evaluation of ones own worth SE is quite stable in shortterm, but less so over periods of several years (E.g. .60 correlation between 2 months, .40 over several years) To some degree, SE is more stable in girls than in boys How SelfEsteem Develops: (293) Strongly influenced by childrens mental comparisons between ideal selves and actual experiences E.g. social selfesteem is higher in popular children than in rejected children Depending on how much a child values social skills will affect his overall selfesteem o The key is the amount of discrepancy between what the child desires and what the child thinks he has achieved o 2 nd major influence support received from important people *parentspeers o Criteria by which children evaluate themselves varies crossculturally
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