FMLY 1010 Lecture 44: Lecture 44

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University of Manitoba
Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

R98729 Achieved through practice, middle childhood automatizing large quantities of information and skills Executive and Strategic Processes: information processing skills that involves devising and carrying out strategies for remembering and problem solving Based on basic understanding of how the mind works Help with memory strategies: learned methods for remembering information Memory techniques appear between ages 612 Expertise: (269) Amount of knowledge person possesses makes a huge difference in how efficiently her information processing system works know a lot about a subject, categorize information in highly complex and hierarchal ways Creativity also depends on knowledge of the topic Typical age differences in strategy use or memory ability disappear when younger group has more expertise than older Individuals information processing skills depend entirely on the quantity and quality of relevant information stored in long term memory Language: (270) By 56, mastered basic grammar and pronunciation of first language Middle childhood, killed at fine points in grammar, use tenses correctly Learn how to speak persuasively, politely etc. Add words to vocabulary grade 35 add derived words have basic root to which some prefix or suffix is added such as happily or unwanted Age 89 new level of understanding of structure of language, relationship between whole category between adjective and adverbs between adjectives and nouns SCHOOLING (271) Literacy: Phonological awareness is important, increase and serve as foundation for later developing skills Children who lack these expertise likely to fall behind Systematic and Explicit Phonics: planned, specific instruction in sound letter correspondences Balanced Approach: reading instruction that combines explicit phonics instruction with other strategies for helping children acquire literacy Strategies on teaching children reading etc. Pg. 272 Second Language Learners (272273) Limited English Proficient: refer to nonEnglish speaking children, immigrant or native born Recently immigrant children under 15 have arrived from Asia and Pacific Region 44, Africa and Middle East 22 o More than 23 cant speak EnglishFrench, ESL attendance tripled Bilingual Education: approach to second language education in which children receive instruction in two different language o Problems: bilingual teachers, two curriculums,
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