FMLY 1010 Lecture 52: Lecture 52

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

OP88729 Afterschool care programs benefit even those who are capable of caring for themselves Provides opportunities to play, participate in sports, do homework, get help from adults Selfcare has most negative effects for children in lowincome neighborhoods with high crime rates Positive effects of afterschool care programs are higher on children from lowincome neighborhoods Most important factor in selfcare is parental monitoring E.g. getting help from neighbors or relatives Children whos selfcare period is monitored experience less potential negative sideeffects Media Influences (308) Only 10 of Canadian children meet the guideline of only 2 hours or less of screen time per day Most Canadian children average more than 6 hours in front of a screen each day Television: Almost all Canadian homes has at least one television o 910 houses have access to cablesatellite channels Children between age 211 spend 14 hours on average each week watching TV Positive Educational Effects: Quality educational programs Dora the Explorer, Sesame Street, Blues Clues Help children develop better early literacy and math skills Study showing less aggression, higher grades, more achievement oriented in teens who watched more educational TV and less entertainment shows as young children o Television content viewed is more important than total amount watched TV also provides learning experiences that children wouldnt otherwise experience E.g. watching whale migration Negative Effects of TV on Cognitive Skills: TV watching is associated with lower scores on achievement tests (measuring reading, arithmetic, and writing skills) o Especially if child has a television in hisher room (more hours of TV watched) More hours watched as childadolescence, leads to lower academic qualifications achieved by age 26 TV viewing time appears to have more negative effects on school performance than positive Television and Aggression: (309) Banduras Bobo doll study children imitated adults violent treatment of an inflatable clown that was depicted on film o Effects of TV viewing on aggression persist into adulthood Children who watch the most violent TV shows are the kids who are most likely to engage in actual acts of violence as young adults o Longterm effects may be result of neural activation Sociocultural studies done showing increase in homicide rates following introduction of TV in multiple countries
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