FMLY 1010 Lecture 62: Lecture 62

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

OP88729 Adolescents form academic selfconcepts based on their own internal comparisons with their own ideal, and external comparisons to peers Perceived competence in 1 domain affects how a teen sees himself in other areas SelfEsteem (352) Overall rise in selfesteem throughout adolescence, continues increasing more slowly during adulthood Selfesteem is affected by: personal characteristics, relationships, lifestyle factors, and achievements High selfesteem is correlated with positive developmental outcomes Better able to resist peer pressure Higher grades in school Low selfesteem related to poorer mentalphysical health Antisocial behaviour, eating disorders, anxiety, depression, suicidal thinking (TABLE 12.1: Influences on adolescent selfesteem, page 352) Gender Roles (353) Gender role identity = genderrelated aspects of the psychological self Adolescents understand that gender roles are social conventions Parental attitudesbehaviour are important in shaping teens ideas about gendersex roles Masculine and feminine used to be thought of as polar opposites (cannot be both) New research supports that they are part of the same continuum, and occur in varying quantities 4 basic gender roles emerge by classifying people as highlow in masculinityfemininity Androgynous = High femininity high masculinity Feminine = High femininity low masculinity Masculine = Low femininity high masculinity Undifferentiated = Low femininity low masculinity Masculine and androgynous gender roles are associated with higher selfesteem for boys girls Girls with feminine gender role are prone to rumination = thought process that focuses on anxiety inducing stimuli (can lead to depression) Men and women value masculine qualities such as independence competitiveness more than female qualities (nurturance, gracefulness) Ethnic Identity (353) More than 70 distinct identities in Canada, varying in linguistic, national, regional, racial and religious groupings Ethnic identity = a sense of belonging to an ethnic group Includes selfidentification as a member, commitment to groupvaluesattitudes, 3 stages of developing ethnic identity (Phinney) 1) Unexamined ethnic identity typical of younger children who havent paid attentionshowed much interest in their ethnic identity 2) Ethnic identity search triggered by an experience that makes ethnic identity relevant Compare own ethnic group with others
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