FMLY 1010 Lecture 68: Lecture 68

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University of Manitoba
Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

lOMoARcPSD987298 Secondary Aging: agerelated changes that are due to social and environmental influences, poor health habits, or disease 1 Degree of socioeconomic inequality spread between rich and poor 1.1US and UK experience poorer overall health than more egalitarian societies 1.2affecting health negativelyhealthcare, housing, education but income inequality is 1.2.1 Also affected by living conditions 1.2.2 Biological embedding: describe how social circumstances in first few years of childs life can cause epigenetic modifications in brain and body system that determine trajectory for better or worse 1.2.3 Social determinants of health include: early childhood experiences, education, socioeconomic status, culture, gender, quality of housing, employment 1.2.4 Common indicators of population health approach include: mortality statistics, rates of hospitalization, measures of morbidity important to measure the health status of population aggregate health indicators, measure quality of life e.g.) Disability Adjusted Life Years Brain and Nervous System (381) Evidence that new neurons produced to replace those that die, even in adults 1 Stimulated by physical exercise and enriched environment In late teens, developmental processes reach a balance and brain attains a stable size and weight functions become localized Brain continues to mature throughout early adulthood 1 Preadolescence second growth spurt of grey matter of frontal lobes logicplanning, emotional control, then followed by synaptic pruning and myelination 1.1Related to increase capacity for formal operational thinking Response Inhibition: cognitive skill that emerges in early adulthood that linked to changes in brain 1 Keep from answering question to early, bite your tongue 2 Relies on ability of frontal lobes to regulate limbic system (emotional part) Other Body Systems (383) *table on 384 Young adult is stronger, faster, and better able to recover form exercise or to adapt to changing conditions than middle aged Declines in Physical Functioning 1 All changes happen in early adulthood, but not noticeable in everyday physical functioning
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