FMLY 1010 Lecture 74: Lecture 74

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

o98729 Biggest change increased amount of intermarriages of visible minorities Theories of Mate Selection (411) Evolutionary theories: Focus is on survival value o Heterosexual relationships ensure survival of species o Mating is a selective process, there are sex differences in mate preferences o Men prefer: physically attractive, younger women o Women prefer: higher SES than their own, offer earning potential and stability o Parental investment theory = sex differences in mate preferences and mating behaviour are based on the different amounts of time and effort men and women must invest in child rearing Men value health and availability among their mates, less selective They are only required for a single act of intercourse in order to produce an offspring Women have a much large minimum commitment requirement (9 months) Men seek to maximize number of offspring, women seek to minimize (greater investment) Men women understand that adaptive approach to childrearing requires more than a minimum investment Men value health youth in women suggests fertility and ability to live long enough to raise child Consistent sex differences in mating preferencebehaviour found crossculturally Strong evidence for genetic basis Social Role Theory (412): Social role theory = the idea that sex differences in mate preferencesbehaviour are adaptations to gender roles (result from presentday social realities) o Based on analysis of large set of crosscultural data Both menwomens mate preferences changes as women gained economic power Emphasis on potential mates earning power declined Mens focus on potential mates domestic skills decreased Higher educated women with higher earning potential prefer to datemarry men whose income potential is higher than their own Women would like to take time off to raise children without having to lower standard of living (reason to marry male of higher incomestatus) High income women also prefer high income men because people prefer those who are more like themselves Associative mating (homogamy) = the tendency to mate with someone who has traits similar to ones own Much more likely to endure than those in which partners differ a lot
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