Define organic food farming and discuss the principles of organic production
Discuss whether organic foods are nutritionally superior to conventional
Discuss the Canadian Organic Products Regulations
Organic farming: farming without the use of certain pesticides,
fertilizers, antibiotics growth hormones, and genetically
Organic farming also emphasizes farming practices that promote
sustainability, such as crop rotation, covering crops (to prevent soil
erosion), using renewable resources, enhancing biological diversity, the
use of compost (animal and plant) to improve soil fertility and
balancing host/predator relationships.
Producers may not claim products are organic if they have been
irradiated, genetically engineered, or gown with fertilizer made from
SEE TABLE C12.2: General Principles of Organic Production in NCC
It is estimated that sales of organic food in Canada is approximately 1
billion dollars per year.
The major organic foods produced in Canada include grains, organic milk,
maple syrup, and tree fruits (especially apples)
Is Organic Food Better?
The belief that organic food has a higher nutritional quality than
conventional food is only mildly supported by the scientific evidence.
Some studies have shown that organic produce can be higher in vitamin
C and may have higher levels of phytochemicals, but the reports are
inconsistent so conclusive statements cannot be made at this time.
There are many factors that affect the nutrient content of produce, such