Chapter 13: Multiplicity of Market Charges:
Market charges are “Those charges that are incurred by the seller or the buyer or both from the
time a commodity enters the market for sale till the time the title of ownership of the goods is
transferred from the seller to the buyer”. In the course of transacting sale, or a purchase a number
of operations involved which cannot be attended to by sellers or the buyers. These necessarily
have to be done by the respective functionaries. In order to pay these functionaries, market
charges are collected from growers or buyers at prescribed rates.
One of the main problems is “The multiplicity of market charges and their heavy incidence on
the producer-seller.” In the absence of statutory regulations these charges are neither defined, nor
are based on any service consideration and are recovered either in cash or in kind, and often
both. These charges have no sanctions except usage or customs prevailing. They are always
introduced in favor of the traders and the functionaries.
On a sale of produce worth Rs.100, as much as 21.5% of the income of the producer goes to
meet the various expenses:
In the market the cultivator has to arrange with a kachcha arhatiya for the sale of his produce
and in the larger markets he has to employ a broker or Dalal to get into contact with the kachcha
arhatiya. For their services he has to pay some commission. In addition to the arhat paid to the
arhatiya and the dalal, a number of other charges have to be incurred. Tulai has to be paid for
the weighing of the produce, palledari to cover the cost of the labourers who help in unloading
the cart, preparing the produce, filling the scale-pans, holding the bag open where the produce is
being measured, etc. the seller has also to submit to deduction known as garda for impurities in
the produce, and dalta for possible loss of weight and dana given to sweepers, watermen, and
even beggars. During the measurement and in almost all the markets deductions are made from
the amount due to the seller for dharmada or charity, dispensary, gaushalas, pathshalas.
The objectionable feature about the market charges is that they are not only high but are also not
clearly defined and specified. The charges vary from market to market and there is also no
uniform practice as to charges that are borne by the seller and those that are borne by the buyer.
Even within the same market the kachcha arhatiyas may charge lower rates to the village beoparis who visit the market often and have regular trade connections than to the farmer