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Lecture 3

LING 1200 Lecture 3: Lecture 3

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LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson

− Behaviouralist approach dominated experimental linguistics for about 40 years (1920- 1960) − Had to believe in Behaviouralist approach in order to get experimental jobs The Cognitive Revolution: − 1960-1990 − People think, feel, want, imagine, etc − All of these unobservable mental processes (=memory, feelings, emotions) are important aspects of the mind and contribute to behaviour − Frustration with behaviouralism’s view that such unobservable mental processes should not be studied lead to the emergence of cognitive linguistics − Cognitive linguistics involved the attempt to understand the mental processes that underlie what people think and do Neuroscience Revolution: − Now − The current movement to better understand brain mechanisms that underlie what people think and do − Brain mechanisms: different areas of the brain that are involved in which type of thought processes or behavioural processes − Emergence of impressive technology The many facets of modern experimental linguistics: − 3 major perspective in experimental linguistics: 1. The behaviouralist (learning) approach 2. The cognitive approach 3. The neuroscience (biological) approach − Sociocultural a
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