Conditioning: strengthening or weakening the association between stimuli in the
environment and some response.
Ivan Pavlov: first research in Conditioning.
• Canine Digestion: drained saliva from dogs and measured amount in
various situations. NOTICED: dog’s salivating without food being in its
mouth. (conditional on dogs prior experiences)
Reflexes: unconscious/automatic responses or UNCONDITIONED
RESPONSE (UR) to some stimulus, an UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS
Ex: US=heat from a stove, UR=jerking your hand away.
-When an UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (US) is presented many times with a
neutral stimulus, the neutral stimulus will produce the UNCONDITIONED
RESPONSE (UR) without the presence of the US. When this occurs, it is called a
CONDITIONED STIMULUS (CS) and the response is called a CONDITIONED
Classical Conditioning: the process of acquiring a CONDITIONED RESPONSE
Principles of Classical Conditioning:
Extinction: presenting the CS without the US repeatedly will cause gradual loss
Higher Order Conditioning: pairing another neutral stimulus often with the CS
will enable that stimulus to produce the conditioned response.
Stimulus Generalization: stimuli similar to a CONDITIONED STIMULUS may
Stimulus Discrimination: sto