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Lecture 49

LING 1200 Lecture 49: Lecture 49

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University of Manitoba
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson

Conditioning: strengthening or weakening the association between stimuli in the environment and some response. Ivan Pavlov: first research in Conditioning. • Canine Digestion: drained saliva from dogs and measured amount in various situations. NOTICED: dog’s salivating without food being in its mouth. (conditional on dogs prior experiences) Reflexes: unconscious/automatic responses or UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UR) to some stimulus, an UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (US). Ex: US=heat from a stove, UR=jerking your hand away. -When an UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (US) is presented many times with a neutral stimulus, the neutral stimulus will produce the UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UR) without the presence of the US. When this occurs, it is called a CONDITIONED STIMULUS (CS) and the response is called a CONDITIONED RESPONSE (CR). Classical Conditioning: the process of acquiring a CONDITIONED RESPONSE through learning. Principles of Classical Conditioning: Extinction: presenting the CS without the US repeatedly will cause gradual loss of the CONDITIONED RESPONSE. Higher Order Conditioning: pairing another neutral stimulus often with the CS will enable that stimulus to produce the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization: stimuli similar to a CONDITIONED STIMULUS may produce the CONDITIONED RESPONSE. Stimulus Discrimination: sto
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