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Class Notes for Linguistics at University of Manitoba

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LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Cognitive Linguistics, Snoring, Paralanguage
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Cognition Tuesday, September 13, 2016 9:59 AM Cognition: language process that occurs mentally Linguists are non-invasive neuro scientists o See how patterns are developed based on language use o...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Affix, Content Word, Kitchenette
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Morphology (chapter 4) Thursday, September 15, 2016 10:00 AM How do we create new words? o What is involved in the making of new words? The grammatical process: Facebook as a word Radio: are you facestalking your ex? Me: c...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Isthmus Zapotec, English Prefix, Circumfix
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Morphology Continued Affixes: 1. Prefix: before the stem 2. Suffix: after the stem 3. Infix: middle of the stem 4. Circumfix: occurs both initially and finally, wrapping around the stem Ex) Prefixes in Isthmus Zapotec in M...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Smog, Blackboard, Endocentric And Exocentric
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How do we make new words? Examples: o Blamestorming: this is not a word that people use, but just by looking at it we can understand what it means Change brain to blame o Mouse potato: couch replaced with mouse o Assmosis ...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Sube Card, Allomorph, Suppletion
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*English has a limited number of inflectional morphemes *Word order is less important in languages with more inflectional morphemes Inflectional Morphemes: Tense English Spanish Present She climbs Ella sube > the word sub ...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Wilkinson
LING 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Noun Phrase, Deixis, Grammatical Category
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Tuesday, Sept. 25 th - Syntactic subcategories o Noun o Verb o Adjective o Preposition o Determiner - Grammatical categories/ Morphosyntactic featur...

Linguistics
LING 2200
MacDonald
LING 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Generative Grammar, Universal Grammar, Grammaticality

Thursday, Sept. 13 th Descriptive vs. prescriptive language - Descriptive: describe the way speakers actually use the language o Of interest in syntax - Prescriptive: prescribes how language shou...

Linguistics
LING 2200
MacDonald
LING 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Count Noun, Mass Noun, Pronoun

Thursday, Sept. 20 th They left the old hafts in the kitchen Noun: o Distributional evidence: determiner and adjective o Occurs after the verb o Pluralized with an s Not all words that belong to a single category will hav...

Linguistics
LING 2200
MacDonald
LING 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Syntactic Category, Adverb, Appeasement

Tuesday, Sept. 18 th How to assign words to categories The morphological structure Distribution Divided into groups: Content words (contribute meaning) o Noun, verb, adjective, adverb Function words (grammatical inform...

Linguistics
LING 2200
MacDonald
LING 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Linguistic Prescription, Phonological Rule, Linguistic Performance

Tuesday, Sept 11 th - Rule governed behavior - Linguistic competence - Universal grammar (UG) - Standard dialect - Descriptive vs. prescriptive grammar - Grammaticality judgments *Rea...

Linguistics
LING 2200
MacDonald
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 42: Olfaction, Semicircular Canals, Saccule
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− Super taster: 4-10X more taste buds - Proportions across tongue have different sensitivities ...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 41: Basilar Membrane, Oval Window, Middle Ear
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The Ear: Outer Ear: − Pinna − Shaped to collect sound waves and send them toward the middle ear − Localizes sounds − Unique way of tunneling sounds into auditory canal − Shapes sounds in slightly diff...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 45: Circadian Rhythm, Melatonin, Hypothalamus
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LINGUISTICS UNIT 4- REVIEW BIOLOGICAL RHYTHYMS: - Consistent patterns of change in biological processes in which conscious experience is a product. -Biological Rhythms cause changes in Nervous System functioning. C...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 48: Suggestibility
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Heroin: decreases Nervous System activity and lowers sensitivity to pain by mimicking ENDORPHINS . Psychedelic Drugs: -alters normal perceptual experience and can produce cool or terrifying hallucinations,...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson
LING 1200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 46: Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep, Narcolepsy, Sigmund Freud
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• Fatigue (associated with traffic accidents, lower grades in school, etc) Sleep Disorders: -Insomnia: problems getting to sleep due to chronic pain, stress and anxiety or psychological disorders. -Sleep Apnea: interr...

Linguistics
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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