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Lecture 56

PHIL 1200 Lecture 56: Lecture 56

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University of Manitoba
PHIL 1200
David R.Hampton

lS98R As a result of these characteristics, there is a constant competition (due to equality of need and lack of resources) where nobody can prevail and establish some (suitable) order (due to the equality of human power). So, we are at a constant state of “Warre, of every man against every man.” In other words, the state of nature is a terrible condition for mankind as a whole and each person individually. In Hobbes’ words, it is a condition that is “solitary, poore, nasty, brutish and short.” So, what should people in the State of Nature do? Try to get out of it! This is what we instinctively desire, due to a) Fear of death, b) Desire for a commodious living, c) Hope to obtain such a living through our industry. How is this escape achieved? Nature, despite creating us in such a miserable state, has provided us with some means of escaping the State of Nature. So, the escape comes through the Laws of Nature. But what is a Law of Nature? “A law of nature, (lex naturalis), is a precept, or general rule, found out
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