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Lecture 8

PSYC 1200 Lecture 8: Lecture 8 - social psychology

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PSYC 1200
Dawson Clary

Lectures 8A SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY: LOVE:   All humans have a NEED for affiliation   An innate need for social relationships (reproduction and survival)   We form relationships best with people based on proximity and similarity Types of Love:   Passionate “Romantic” Love: intensely emotional involving strong sexual attraction   Companionate Love: strong affection and trust, feeling of closeness without burning desire/obsession of passionate Sternberg Triangular Theory:  3 components o Passion (desire, obsession) o Intimacy (closeness, trust) o Commitment (loyalty) Attachment:  Attachment Style: determines how people behave in relationships   Secure Attachment: people is not prone to jealousy, happy to have their own like and wants their partner to be independent   Anxious-Ambivalent Attachment: anxious about abandonment and rejection  jealousy, smothering OR avoiding partner completely    Avoidant Attachment: distrusts partner and avoids intimacy at all costs short- term passionate relationship, never long and intimate   Gender Differences: women express feelings in words, men express feelings in actions The Fallacy:  Belief that a person who does monstrous deeds must be a monstrous and is sick/evil    Truth: regular people can common monstrous deeds under extraordinary situations hat is a Tragedy?:   Actions of mentally ill of inherently evil people?  OR   Can average health people perform brutal self destructive acts?  Principle 1: the situation strongly influences behaviour o Social norms: people know what behaviours are expected in different situations and act accordingly  Principle 2: your position in society influences your behaviour oSDP o Social roles: people are assigned a role in their society and tend to act in ways consistent with that role o Social price to pay for ways not consistent with your role   To what extend will people surrender their will? o Stanley Morgan: Obedience Study → usually 2/3 of participants will administer a shock all the way to XXXX (most dangerous) to someone they believe is the learner but is really an actor  What encouraged participants to DISOBEY?  o NOT: intensity of screaming, knowledge or victims heart conditions, victim not making any sounds/not responding o WILL: factors related to authority figure    If experimenter leaves the room  When 2 experimenters present conflicting demands (“continue” or  “stop”)    If experimenter looks like an ordinary person    When victim is visible    When another “teacher” refuses to continue  Surrendering complete control of one’s behaviour may be a response to authority   (slightly influenced by emotional distress/harm to others)  UNLESS something in the situation allows the person to break free (ex: Prison Study- STANFORD power of the situation) Factors that Encourage Obedience:  Submitting one’s own behaviour to the will of an authority figure or to one’s role   Making actions seem routine    The desire not to be rude or disrespectful  Entrapment (start small and escalate gradually)   De-individuation(losing one’s own identity as a member of a crowd) ex: KKK ATTITUDE:  The Role of Attitudes: everyone has personal opinions about religion,  politics, morality, etc (can be individual or derived by some external source)  External Influences on Attitude: o Authoritarianism: unquestioning acceptance of attitudes given by authority figures o Conservatism: unquestioning acceptance of attitudes provided by tradition (religion, culture, etc) lcSD   Due to the need to CONFORM (Solomon Asch)  Not CONFORMING often carries high risks (i.e. social exclusion, humiliation, punishment) Conformity on Intolerance and Tragedy:  Groupthink: tendency for group members to think alike and suppress dissent   Symptoms: sense of invulnerability in action/belief; group members suppress dissenting opinions when they are expressed   NO dialectical reasoning → risky actions, confidence that group think is the ONLY correct one Intolerance on Cruelty and Violence: 
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