PSYC 1200 Lecture 6d
Chapter 10: Emotion
Emotional Experience Does mind = thought, and body/physiology = emotion?
Are there independent and sometimes competing influences on behaviour?
Emotion is primitive and genetic.
Primary Emotions Emotions innately experienced by all humans in the same way and for the same reasons.
e.g. fear, anger, enjoyment, disgust, interest, surprise, contempt, shame, sadness, distress, guilt, acceptance.
Secondary Emotions Complex blends of emotions that develop with experience (e.g. awe, inspiration).
Facial Expressions Emotion causes facial expressions and facial expressions cause emotions (facial feedback) (e.g. smiling increases happiness and
frowning increases sadness).
Value of making facial expressions innate:
Knowing the emotional state of others.
Communicating your own mental state.
Pre-verbal communication by infants.
The effect of facial expressions:
Facial expressions can express real or false feelings to others. Facial expressions serve this purpose from birth.
Mood Contagion: facial expressions can affect the facial expressions and emotions of others (e.g. concerts can
intensify joy and riots can intensify anger).
Babies are happier when their parents smile at them and a baby’s reaction to events can be determined by parent’s
Facial expressions are influenced by culture: Canadians can usually identify the emotion displayed by a facial expression by
someone from another culture, but not always and some emotions are harder to read than others.
Facial expressions are influenced by context:
Facial expressions of emotion tend to occur when other people are around, but less so when a person is alone;
therefore, if innate, facial expressions do not automatically occur in response to emotion.
The same facial expressions may mean different things in different situations (e.g. smiling can mean anger, frustration,
Facial expressions may be used for fooling others, rather than just for communicating emotion.
Ekman (1997) Found that there were seven facial expressions common to all cultures worldwide: anger, happiness, fear, surprise, disgust,
sadness, and contempt.
Emotional Experience Specific brain regions seem related to experiencing emotions and interpreting emotional information.
in the Brain Damage to the specific are of the brain can result in inability to experience disgust or Huntington’s disease.
The Amygdala and The amygdala is important for causing the experience fear based on an assessment of danger or threat.
Emotion This response can be suppressed by higher mental processing in the brain’s cortex.
Damage to the amygdala can lead to problems experiencing fear when appropriate and problems perceiving fear in others.
Hormones and The brain produces signals for generating emotional experience.