PSYC 1200 Lecture 8a
Chapter 16: Love Causes of the Loss of Will
Social Psychology An area of psychology that deals with how the people around us and our relationships affect our behaviour.
Love An innate need for social relationships evolved because of its importance for survival and reproduction.
The best predictors of who we form close relationships with are proximity and similarity.
Types of Love:
Passionate “Romantic” Love: intensely emotional and involving strong sexual attraction.
Companionate Love: strong affection and trust, feeling of closeness without the same obsession and desire as above.
Sternberg’s Triangular Three Components: passion (or desire, obsession, etc.), Intimacy (closeness, trust), Commitment (loyalty).
Theory His goal was to allow a person to categorize people into these three compenents.
Love & Individual People differ in attachment style, which determines how they behave in relationships:
Differences in Secure Attachment Style:
Attachment Style Person is not prone to jealousy, is happy to have their own life, and is willing to accept their partner’s pursuit of
independent interests and relationships.
Parental Cause: warm, close relationship with kind parents.
Anxious-Ambivalent Attachment Style:
Person desires closeness, but is anxious about the threat of abandonment or rejection, which leads to jealousy, and an
avoidance of approaching potential partners altogether.
Parental Cause: parents that are harshly punitive and kind
Avoidant Attachment Style:
Person distrusts partners and avoids intimacy at all cost. Need for affiliation met by an endless series of short-term,
Parental Cause: parents that are generally punitive and cruel
Parents may be to blame for the person’s attachment style; however, these reports are based on memories of the past so they may
be misremembered or interpreted in a way that follows the person’s attachment style.
Love & Gender Similarities between men and women in their close relationships are more striking than differences, but women tend to express
Differences feelings of closeness in words, while men avoid this, preferring to express them in actions.
Chapter 16: Causes of the Loss of Will
The Fallacy Belief that a person who does monstrous deeds must be a monster, and is someone sick and evil.
Regular people can commit monstrous deeds under extraordinary conditions.
Evil comes from a person, but it also comes from the situation they end up in and the influences of the environment.
Tragedy Occurs due to actions of mentally ill, the involvement of inherently evil people, or mentally healthy people lead to commit brutal acts.
Principle #1 The situation strongly influences behaviour.
Social Norms: People know about what behaviours are expected in different situations and often act accordingly. There is a social
price to pay for violating norms.
Principle #2 Your position in society influences your behaviour.
Social Roles: People are assigned a role in their society and tend to act in ways consistent with that role. There is a social price to
pay for not behaving in ways consistent with your role.
The Obedience Study Participants were assigned to the role as either “teacher” or “learner.” In reality, the “learner” was an actor and all participants were
(Stanley Milgram, assigned the role of “teacher.” The “Teache