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Lecture 39

PSYC 2250 Lecture 39: Lecture 39

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University of Manitoba
PSYC 2250
Steven Hladkyj

Oc78 Zone of proximal development zone refers to the difference between the level of performance a child can achieve when working independently and the higher level of performance that is possible when working under the guidance of more skilled adults and peers. Scaffolding refers to a teaching style that matches the amount of assistance to the learners needs Language Stage 1 The Primitive Stage Stage 2 Nave Psychology Stage Stage 3 Egocentric Speech Stage o Private Speech Stage 4 Ingrowth Stage o Inner Speech Information processing Theory Proposes that human cognition consists of mental hardware and mental software o Sensory Memory where information is held very briefly in raw, unanalyzed form o Working Memory is the site of ongoing cognitive activity o Long term Memory limitless, permanent storehouse of knowledge of the world The mechanism that drive cognitive development includes: o Better Strategies o Increase capacity of working memory More effective inhibitory process and executive functioning Inhibitory processes prevent taskirrelevant information from entering working memory
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