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Lecture 36

PSYC 2250 Lecture 36: Lecture 36

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PSYC 2250
Steven Hladkyj

o982 Adapting to and exploring the environment 14 months reflexes are first modified by experience 48 months paying more attention to objects 8 months reach a watershed; the onset of deliberate, intentional behavior 12 months active experimenters Understanding Objects Object Permanence understanding that objects exist independently Objects are ephemeral existing when in sight and no longer exist when out of sight Infants do not have a full understanding of object permanence until about 18 months Using Symbols 18 months most infants have begun to talk and gesture, evidence of the emerging capacity to use symbols begin to anticipate the consequences of actions mentally instead of having to perform them Preoperational Stage 2 7 years olds marked by childs use of symbol to represent objects and events typically believe that others see the world, both literally and figuratively Egocentrism refers to young childrens difficulty in seeing the world from anothers point of view Animism sometimes credit inanimate objects with life and lifelike properties Centration narrowly focused thought tat characterizes preoperational youngsters Concrete Operational Stage 711 years Mental Operations strategies and rules that make thinking more systematic and powerful
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