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Lecture 42

PSYC 2250 Lecture 42: Lecture 42

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PSYC 2250
Steven Hladkyj

o82 1072015 7:57:00 PM Chapter 7 : Cognitive Processes and Academic Skills Memory Roots of memory are laid down in the first few months after birth The length of memory improves with age Hippocampus and Amygdala not fully developed until 2 years Prefrontal cortex development assists memory as well RoveeColliers experiments show 3 important features of memory exist as early as 2 and 3 months of age: o An event from the past is remembered o Over time, the event can no longer be recalled o A cue can serve to dredge up a forgotten memory Brain structures responsible for the initial storage information hippocampus and amygdala develop early by six months of age The structures reposnible for retrieving the store memories the frontal cortex nd develop much later into the the 2 year Part of the hippocampus is not mature until about 2024 months Memory Strategies action to promote remembering Rehearsal repeating information that must be remembered Organization structuring material to be remembered so that related information is placed together ClusteringChunking organizing related items into one meaningful group Elaboration embellishing information to be remembered to make it more memorable External Memory aids Network of knowledge Selection of strategies
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