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Lecture 9

PSYC 2290 Lecture 9: Language and Communication

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PSYC 2290
Jocelyn B.Proulx

Chapter 9 Language and Communication Elements of language It has arbitrary units and is therefore symbolic It is structured and meaningful It shows displacement It is characterized by generativity Components of Language Phonology sounds of the language o Phonemes are the unique sounds within a language Morphology rules of meaning o Morphemes are the smallest units of meaning o Bound morphemes is something lie un, im, ing They mean something when they are on other words Semantics words and their meaning o Definitions from the dictionary Grammar rules of the structure of language o All about how that language is put together o Syntax to specify rules about how to combine words Pragmatics the use of language to communicate effectively o To communicate, to guide ourselves through difficult tasks, to formulate ideas, etc. o Different use depending on who your audience is Perceiving speech Phonemes distinguished at 1 month 1 year distinguish phonemes native to their own language Less able to determine sounds not from their own language Pay more attention to words they often hear and to words at ends and beginnings of sentences (78 months) o Pay attention to where you stretch your syllables Infant directed speech adult speaks slowly and with exaggerated changes in pitch and loudness o Vary pitch, loudness, speak slowly, watch mouth and try to imitate o Facilitates language development in children Phonetic category learning o Different language sounds and syllables, pattern and how language sounds o Imitate what they have in their heads already o Tune in to the patterns used in the language that is being spoken by the people around them The beginning of Speech Cooing at 2 months o Vowel sound
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