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Lecture 8

PSYC 2290 Lecture 8: Intelligence and individual differences

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PSYC 2290
Jocelyn B.Proulx

Chapter 8 intelligence and individual differences Theories of Intelligence o Information processing theory Speed of information processing Generally, the faster children process information the higher their IQ Flexibility of strategies Ability to change strategies if one doesnt work is linked to IQ Children who transfer strategies to new situations do well academically o Spearman General intelligence How children do intellectually in a broad range of situations Specific intelligence Looking at performance in one area o Cattell Fluid intelligence Speed of information processing and flexibility of strategies The ability to perceive relations among stimuli Crystalized intelligence Accumulated knowledge, know information and remember it Comprises a persons culturally influenced accumulated knowledge and skills, including understanding printed language, comprehending language, and knowing vocabulary o Gardners theory of multiple intelligence Linguistic Meaning of words, communication, effectively using language Logicalmathematical Problem solving, understanding relations that exist among objects, actions and ideas Spatial Understand space that objects take up and the 3D view of things Perceiving objects accurately Musical Understand and produce sounds in a musical way Bodilykinesthetic Sense of own body in space and moving effectively Interpersonal Understanding emotions, motivations, and actions of others Intrapersonal Understanding your own emotions and motivations Dont really talk about these 2: Naturalistic (understanding the nature of objects and how they move and grow and exist and how they are all interrelated)
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