RLGN 1285 Lecture Notes - Luther Bible, Indulgence, Photios I Of Constantinople

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26 Jan 2013
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CHRISTIANITY
JESUS IN THE GOSPELS
MOSAIC: “COMPOSITE PORTRAIT” OF JESUS
Mosaic: (small glass tiles melted together) “Composite Portrait” of Jesus. Jesus is like mosaic. We
don’t know who he is. All religions have interpretations about him and we have joined every piece
to have a composite picture of jesus.
THE TWO COMMANDMENTS - Christianity offers 2 commandments having to do
with Love
LOVE FOR GOD
We should focus on repenting and loving one another and loving God
To be Christian one must have faith in the existence of God
One shows their faith through conduct and affirmation of doctrine
To give thanks to God for sacrificing His only son so that our sins can be forgiven
We love God because He is our creator, but also for saving us from our sins for all eternity
LOVE FOR ONE’S NEIGHBOUR
Jesus places emphasis on forgiveness more than any other religion
Jesus commands that we forgive and accept our enemies as well as our friends
SPIRITUAL VS. POLITICAL KINGDOM
Spiritual
Through traditional Christian events, we are able to bond with our families and friends and build a
community. We are able to rejoice about the good news together and celebrate our love for God.
Forgiveness, atonement and loving others
Political
Christianity has to face the non-spiritual elements used at present day on a worldwide scale, of their
traditional events. But they must also face pluralism today as well. With today’s multicultural
world, people of all ethnicities may believe in more than one element of more than one religion.
Christians must recognize this as today’s reality and accept it.
Historically, and possibly currently, Christians accused individuals of other religions, of their denial
of the existence of Jesus. Christians accused other religions of simply being a part of the Christian
religion if only they acknowledged Jesus. This is not very Christian of them if they did not accept
and respect the differences of other religions.
EARLY CHRISTIAN BELIEF AND HISTORY
MISSIONARY COMPONENT
Christianity is one of the world’s greatest missionary religions (travelling around, talking to people
and getting them to join)
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Concerned about other humans
Started as a Jewish sect and grew to a Christian movement
Judaism not a missionary religion; do not go out to convert
PENTECOST
Marks the emergence of the Church as a missionary movement with a message for all people.
Occurs on the 50th day after Easter, commemorating the day when Jesus’ followers experienced the
Holy Spirit and the ability to preach and be understood in different languages. On this day the
descendents sat together and decided what to do after Jesus’ death. They knew many languages so
they went out and shared the good news
Marks the Jewish festival Shavouth, the Feast of Weeks
ALL ROADS LEAD TO PAUL
Principal figure to shape the direction of the early church (master coordinator of Christianity)
He was a Pharisee from the Diaspora, from the Jewish community in Tarsus
He wrote letters (liturgical blessings and questions of theology) before the gospels were written
JEWISH AND GENTILE CHRISTIANITY
Paul had a vision of the post- resurrection Jesus
Paul refers to himself as the apostle of the gentiles (non-Jew)
In order to follow Jesus, NO circumcision and dietary laws needed
He says that salvation is obtained through faith of Jesus as the Messiah or Christ
This frees people of bondage of the Law of Moses
CHRIST: AS REDEEMER (from sin and death (not hell))
Paul states that people are not saved through morally correct action, but through trusting faith
Liberation of human’s sinful nature, as human beings are inherently self-willed and sinful, is what
God intended by sending Jesus to die a self-sacrificing death
From Paul’s context, we accept Jesus as a Redeemer from sin. Sin leads to death, so there is a
connection between the two. Accepting Jesus as our redeemer we get life.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE NEW TESTAMENT Text: pp. 203-213
PERSPECTIVES ON THE CHRISTIAN BIBLE
Christian literature demonstrates the existence of a community of faith that preached the message of
Jesus as the risen Lord. Each gospel in the New Testament comes from an author with a particular
interpretation and an intended readership.
INERRANCY
Perspective that the bible does not contain error (infallible). Translated without error
How? The bible is believed to be of divine revelation, transformation from divine
LITERALISM
Accepting each incident and speech as actually occurring
Stories not just metaphors for life
If were puts truth of religion into question
If doubt it maybe doubting authority of religion; fundamental perspective
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HISTORICAL-CRITICAL
Analytical approach
Not looking to criticize but critically analytical
GOSPELS IN FOCUS
Mark, Matthew, Luke and John are called evangelists; people who proclaim the good news
Gospel means “Good news”. It is a German word.
The good news is that the Messiah is coming. It is a cosmic headline. It is referred to German and
Greek: Evangellion.
190 CE: The gospel of Peter says that Jesus was not resurrected and was not sent to heaven. This is
similar to the Islamic view.
The Gospels are a sacred biography of Jesus’ life from an academic perspective.
MARK (WINGED LION)
Lion – courage, monarchy
Written 65-70CE
Shortest gospel
Describes Jesus’ adult career and activities, not birth
Stresses Jesus actions over his teachings
Destruction of temple in 70 CE
Begins with Jesus’ baptism by John who is preaching “like a lion roaring”
The 12 disciples are chosen. With them he heals and teaches
He disputes with religious authorities and Judas
Celebrates Passover with his disciples the night before his crucifixion
Does not deny that he is the king of the Jews and offers no defense
Executed in 33 CE
Before the beginning of the Sabbath he is placed in a tomb, sealed by a large stone
Three women find the stone rolled away and his body missing
A figure appears to them and informs them that Jesus will meet the disciples
SAVIOUR OF THE GENTILES
Jesus heals, teaches and challenges the priorities of Jewish religious authority
Launches his ministry in the Galilee region proclaiming that the Kingdom of God is at hand
Jesus heals on the Sabbath and picks grain, declaring the Sabbath is made for the people
This possibly means that the Kingdom of God and the good news is made for the people, including
gentiles, the non Jews, not just strictly for Jewish people
APOCALYPTIC URGENCY
The ending of the world, or an end to something
The righteous of the nation will possess the earth
Either by an eternal Messianic kingdom on earth, or temporary blessedness here and eternal
blessedness hereafter
MATTHEW (WINGED ANGEL)
Angel - Jesus’ Incarnation and Christ’s human nature
Written 75-80CE
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