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SOC 1200
Jason Leboe- Mcgowan

Chapter 1 When social integration is weak or social solidarity is low, it tends to be weak in modern societies, than certain types of suicide increase. When social solidarity becomes too high, as it is in pre modern societies, you get altruistic suicides Medium levels least amount of suicide – as shown on the graph Egoistic suicide – modern individualism, Durkheim says when we are too individualistic this causes a great damage to society and suicide rates increase. More crime, deviance , WEAK SOCIAL INTEGRATION High solidarity = mechanical solidarity Weak solidarity - organic solidarity , people are not concerned in what people thing, people don’t crave the social approval of others “It’s better for people to speak ill of you than not speak of you at all” Durkheim – decline of social integration, leaves behind the ego & social personality - When social integration declines, this leaves the ego open to suicide. - A healthy ego needs to have social support. - If you don`t have social support than you .. - We need to have a sense of belonging. - When an ego is constrained it concerns itself in the conscious `collectif` - When people face common threat, social solidarity increases. o Suicide rates wen`t down What social type in Canada is most poorly integrated Social type –specific set of characteristics. Men commit more suicide than woman, Women attempt suicide more than men, (women can try drug overdose, men shoot themselves) `Macho` Men keep things bottled up – can lead to more suicide Males are less integrated socially than woman. Social characteristics come into play including religion and ethics. suicidesingle people are also more likely to commit suicide as they are not part of a social union Protestants commit the most Toronto has ethnic segregation, protestants isolated away from religious community (don`t go to church) causing weak social solidarity University graduates have higher suicide rates than non graduates Morale relativism – have standards of what is right and what is wrong so morality is relevant Durkheim  Suicide rates varied as a result of differences in the degree of social solidarity in different categories of the population.  Showed that married adults are half as likely as unmarried adults are to commit suicide as marriage creates social ties and a kind of moral cement that bind the individual with society.  Women are less likely to commit suicide than men as women are more involved in the intimate social relations of family life.  Jews are less likely to commit suicide than Christians.  Elderly commit more suicide then young and middle aged (loss of spouse etc.)  Suicide is increasing since 1960,s especially with Canada’s youth o Church, temples, mosque attendance is down, particularly among young people o Unemployment is up, especially for youth. o Rate of divorce is increasing, births outside marriage are more common.  In summary, social solidarity is lower then it was a few decades ago, especially among young people. An important step in broadening our sociological awareness involves recognizing that three levels of social structure surround and permeate us. 1. Microstructures are patterns of intimate social relations, formed during face to face interaction(families, friendship circles, work associations) 2. Macrostructures patterns of social relations that lie outside and above your circle of intimates and acquaintances 3. Global Structures are patterns of social relations that lie outside national level, including international orginazation, economic relations between country, patterns of worldwide travel and communication. Sociological Imagination is the quality of mind that enables a person to see the connection between personal troubles and social structures. The sociological Imagination was born when three modern revolutions pushed people to think about society in an entirely new way 1. Scientific Revolution began about 1550, encouraged the view that sound conclusions about the workings of society must be based on solid evidence (suggested that a science of society was possible) 2. Democratic Revolution began about 1750, suggested that people are responsible for organizing society and that human intervention can solve social problems. Democrats suggested that people control society. (suggested that people could intervene to improve society) 3. Industrial Revolution began about 1780, created a host of new and serious social problems that attracted the attention of social thinkers. As a result of growing industries, masses of people moved from countryside to city, lost faith in their religions, confronted faceless bureaucracies, reacted to the filth and poverty of their existence by means of strikes, crime, revolutions, and wars.(presented that social thinkers with a host of pressing social problems crying out for a solution, they responded by giving birth to the sociological ima
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