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Lecture 2

SOC 1200 Lecture 2: Lecture 2

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University of Manitoba
SOC 1200
Susan Miller

OS82 Matures as child comes to understnd that everyone’s behavior should take account of cultural norms Personality Development World is confusing combination of physical sensations that bring pleasure or pain – according to id-centered child   Child learns moral concepts of right and wrong as superego develops Initially, children can only feel good in a physical way (being cuddled etc.)  After 3-4 years can feel good by doing the right thing Id and superego remain in conflict  Ego manages 2 opposing forces in a well adjusted person If conflicts aren’t resolved during childhood, will surface as personality disorders  later on Culture (in form of superego) repress selfish demands, force people to look beyond their own desires Sublimation = compromise as result of competing demands of self and society o Redirects selfish drives into socially acceptable behavior E.g. marriage makes satisfaction of sexual urges socially acceptable, and competitive sports are an outlet for aggression Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development  Swiss psychologist Studied human cognition – how people think and understand  Noted what his children learned to know and how they made sense of the world 4 stages of cognitive development Sensorimotor Stage  Level of human development a which individuals experience the world only through their senses   First 2 years of life  Know the world by touching, tasting, smelling, looking and  listening 
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